The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The strong connection between crime and addiction to alcohol has been one of the main issues in society in recent times.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
The population of people behind bars in our country has multiplied, and majority of them were convicted because of the abuse of substances.
The Ministry of Justice revealed that, 37% of about 2 million convicted offenders were reported to have been drinking during arrest; further alcohol is responsible for about 40% of all known violent crimes.
It was discovered that law violations that involved the use of violence, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, physical attacks, and homicides, involved alcohol in some way when compared to any other illicit substance. The victims of many violent crimes have stated that the offenders seemed to have been drunk and many violent crimes have been seen to occur when the offender or the victim or both were recently drinking according to statistics on violent offences and alcohol. The offender in most cases of violent crimes will most likely be drinking alcohol than taking other drugs, except in cases of robberies.
In an act of aggression where the attacker and victim are familiar with each other, alcohol is usually the contributing issue. 31 percent of attacks by strangers involved alcohol, and two out of three victims who were assaulted by a fellow prisoners (including past and current lovers, whether married or not) said that it was alcohol-related. On top of the 118,000 commotions that happen between family members and the 744,000 other commotions between acquaintances, about 500,000 commotions among fellow prisoners involve someone who has been consuming alcohol as well.
Understanding the relationship between alcohol and crime is not easy and one of the main debates is whether the drugs are the main reason behind the crimes or if people who use drugs are already likely to participate in criminal activities.
In many cases criminals abstain from illegal drugs, while at times, illegal drug users commit no other form of crime. The previous criminal activities can be prolonged and increased due to the direct and high relationship between drugs and crime at the most extreme level of drug use.
There are essentially three types of crimes, which are related to drugs:
Law violations where there is material gain, such as shop lifting or housebreaking, or larceny and robbery, or other law violations meant to satisfy the habit, are the crimes that addicted individuals are mostly apprehended for. For instance, in 2004, 17% of detainees said they conferred the crime to acquire cash for medications. When it comes to boys and girls or women and men, where many of them are recognised by the criminal justice system, strong connections have been established between being exploited for or involved in prostitution and substance abuse. Drug us is not only a factor that correlates to sexual exploitation, but also a way for those being exploited to cope.
Being the third most reported law violation, over one million individuals have been apprehended by the law for operating a vehicle while drunk in the UK. The number-one cause of death, injury and disability among young people under the age of 21 is primarily because of drinking, and under the influence of drugs and approximately 40% of all traffic fatalities are related to the consumption of alcohol. When it comes to vehicular road accidents where the motorist's ability to drive was affected by alcohol, 36 individuals lose their lives on a daily basis and an estimated 700 of them sustain some physical harm. Tranquilizes (e.g., maryjane and cocaine) if used in combination with liquor is a chief cause for 18% of motor vehicle accident deaths.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration stated that, in 2007, an estimated one out of every eight drivers on weekend nights test positive for illicit drugs. One out of every eight seniors in high school responded to a study conducted in 2010 confirmed that they had been driving after smoking marijuana within two weeks earlier in the survey interview.
Pain killers' prescription drugs used to relieve worry and correct lack of sleep have instructions prohibiting users from manning such machinery, which includes, driving heavy motor vehicles during specific doctor's direction duration of using the drug. Taking prescription drugs without medical supervision is a recipe for disaster when it comes to driving and heavy activities.
Four out of five preteens and adolescents who are in juvenile detention centres are apprehended for law violations where illicit substances or alcohol was involved, they ere drunk or high from alcoholic beverages or illicit substances, confessed to having dependency and substance misuse problems, and / or they gave a positive screening for drugs.
Substance abuse and alcohol addiction amounts to for 1.9 million of 2.4 million juveniles arrested, 68,600 youths treated for substance abuse.
Three out of four reported cases of alcohol related violence between spouses involves a drunken offender.
Higher rates of alcohol and drug abuse and other well-being issues were reported by adult females whose significant others had assaulted them within the last year, as reported by a study that was conducted in 1999. 16% of the adult females did not experience any physical violence, but for those that did, 33% of them reported some form of substance abuse.
Other members of the family are affected by domestic violence. A study which was conducted in the UKrevealed that children who witnessed the abuse of their maternal caregiver were 50% likelier to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
Drugs were involved in just 9 percent of the reported cases where someone was assaulted, while alcohol was reported in 55 percent of the cases (5 percent of cases had a direct link to drugs, versus the 65% that were directly linked to alcohol when it came to spousal physical abuse).
There are several factors that add up and lead to child maltreatment, even though there are no particular profiles for abusive individuals and no "cause" associated with the maltreatment. Parenting stress can build and increase the likely hood of parents hitting a child when they abuse substances, lose of contact with society and individuals, and succumb to family pressures. Almost 4 in 10 child abusers confessed that they had been drinking when they committed the crime.
An estimated 50% of prisoners meet the criteria for drug addiction but less the 20% of those who need treatment actually get it.
Without getting medical care for their dependency, avoiding law violations and re-apprehension by the law in future is impossible for a lot of individuals in the system. Roughly 95% of detainees come back to liquor and medication use after discharge from jail, and 60 - 80% of medication abusers carry out another wrongdoing (regularly a medication driven wrongdoing) after discharge from jail.
Treatment is the only option for breaking the criminal justice cycle for wrongdoers with medication and liquor issues. Research reveals that by ensuring proper treatment that individuals can recoup from an addiction and keep way from liquor and medications. Research also indicates reduction of substance abuse is equal to criminal acts decline. Correctional facility or jail ought to be a place where individuals can get all kinds of help to lead a normal life.
Money is also saved through treatment. Results from one study research, revealed that a dollar spent on substance abuse is equal to '5.60 in cost of arrests, confinement, food, stationery, child welfare and medical expenses. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.